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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

 

Iranian Contemporary History No. 60

 

History Hall

 

 
  Articles   Count : 127
» Tribes and National identity

One of the items that show obvious link of nomadic life with Iranian national identity is the deep influence of Iranian culture and literature on the tribes. It is evident that language and literature...


» Foundation of Majlis newspaper in 24rd. Nov. 1906

Constitutional revolution was formed against the despotic Qajar system and its authoritarian administration. Following that, parliamentary procedure was started with the establishment of the National...


» The Second President of the First Assembly

The first president of the first Constitutional Assembly, was Morteza Qoli khan Sani’oddowleh. He held the office from 6th Oct. 1906 to 6th Sep. 1907. After him, Mirza Mahmud Khan Ehteshamossaltaneh Qajar Davallu...


» Crown Lands and the Policy of Their Sale at Nasseraddin Shah’s Reign

With the coming of the Ghaznavis and the subsequent Seljuk conquest across the country, we are faced with gradually concentrated power and the formation of strong hereditary monarchy that takes all worldly...


» A report on the life and activities of Amir Abbas Hoveyda up to September 1964

Amir Abbas Hoveyda was the Minister of Finance in Hassan Ali Mansour’s cabinet from 8 March 1964 to 21 Jan. 1965. In the last months of Mansur’s Cabinet, a handwritten report dated August 28 1964...


» June 21st Uprising, the Expression Of National Solidarity

In 1933, the records of the contract were burned because of what Shah called it a colonial contract. This action was followed by extra British government pressure on Iran and it was re-imposed on...


» U. S. Policy on Arm Sales to Iran during Nixon’s Administration

After meeting with Soviet leaders in Moscow, then U.S. president Richard Nixon, along with National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger arrived in Tehran, May 31, 1972 and met with the Shah and...


» The Murder of Mohammad Taghi Khan Pessian

About the year 1891, in Sorkhab neighborhood of Tabriz, a boy was born who was named MohammadTaghi. His father, major MohammadBagher Khan Pessian of Kurdish tribes, and his mother...


» An Overview of the role of women in the Constitutional Revolution

Status of women in this period is defined with a look to the impacts of the society. In this socio political situation, the life of women were largely restricted. However, some of them were involved in...


» Laying the Grounds for the 1921 coup

In a break with tradition, the British did not enter into any talk with the Shah and the dignitaries about the candidates of the head of cabinet. Despite the fact that Norman in his meeting with Ahmad Shah...


» Group Detainment of the State’s Dignitaries Subsequent to 22nd Feb., 1921

Prior to the coup, Seyyed Ziaaddin Tabatabi provided lieutenant Reza Khan with a list of tens of dignitaries to be detained after the coup had been carried out. So shortly after the coup, group detainment...


» Mahd e olia, an Ambiguous Character

Daughter of Mohammad Qassem Khan Qajar, granddaughter of Soleiman Khan Etezadodowleh, and a cousin to Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Malek Jahan Khanom is a famous lady in Iranian contemporary history...


» Crisis at the SAVAK on the Threshold of Islamic Revolution

SAVAK is known as the main repressive machine of the Pahlavi regime during its last twenty years of dominance. Most opponents of Pahlavi regime have had very unpleasant memories of how SAVAK treated them...


» Nematollah Nassiri

Son of Mohammad Nassiri (Amidolmamlek), Nematollah Nassiri was born in Semnan, 1900. His mother was Zarin Taj khanum. Following his elementary education he was graduated from military school as second Lieutenan...


» The Rising of Anzali’s Fishermen

In their protest against Lianazof’s concession, the fishermen of Anzali took a sit in at the telegraph house of the town. According to the concession, all halal fish were for the domestic consumers...


» The Strategy of Burned Lands, Einoddowleh, the British and the Development of Khuzistan

Although, the rivalry of the two superpowers, the Tsarist Russia and the Great Britain in the 19th century did not lead to direct colonialism in Iran, but it led to irrecoverable damages to this country...


» Cultural Institutions of Iran under Reza Shah’s Reign

The years between 1925 and 1945 might be considered as the most important and critical years of Iran’s contemporary history, as there was shown great attempt to change the cultural and social institutions...


» Einoddowleh’s Reforms (Oct. 1903-Aug. 1906)

This is a brief writing about a man who has been treated as an historical outcast through the criticism of historians. During the constitutional revolution, Soltan Abdolmajid Mirza Einoddowleh...


» Great Britain, Reza Shah and the Surrender of Sheikh Khazal

Sheikh Khazal of Banikaab tribe is one of the leading Anglophile figures of Iran, who played an important role in the Khuzestan province from constitutional period onwards. He helped the British during the First...


» The loan bank and Jahanian Commercial Firm

The commercial firm of Jahanian was one of the reputable credit incorporations of late Qajar period. It was founded by Khosrow Shah Jahan and his brothers Parviz, Gudarz, Rostam and Bahram, the Zoroastrian...


» The Opening of the First Iranian National Assembly in October 7th 1906

The constitutional Firman (decree) was issued on August 5th 1906. The decree provided an opportunity for the people to form a majlis consisting of their deputies to make consultations over the important affairs of the country...


» Aniss-od-dowleh and the Boycott of Tobacco

In one of his excursions to Imameh village of Lavassan district, Nasser-ad-din Shah met a young girl called Fatemeh. Despite her young age, she gave appropriate replies to the Shah’s questions. Her talent and brightness...


» The Iranian Army in the late August 1941

Throughout the Iranian history, especially after the establishment of the Safavids and the foreign countries threatening of Iran's integrity, the reinforcement of the country's defence became one of the main...


» The Nationalization of Iran's oil Industry

In 1901, Mozaffaraddin Shah granted the oil concession to William Knox D'arcy, a British subject, eventual outcome of this was the absolute dominance of the British government on Iranian oil resources until the...


» The Senator's Resignation in 1979

Gholam Abbass Aram is included among mysterious elements of Iran's contemporary history. Based on the following document it is evident that one day after the success of the Islamic revolution, he went to the...


» The Rastakhiz Party and the Eventual fall of the Pahlavi Regime

With the establishment of Rastakhiz party in March 1971, the autocracy and tyranny of the government reached to its pitch in Iran. Following that the government-formed parties including Iran Novin, Mardom and...


» Bahaism and Politics

Following the execution of Ali Mohammad Bab, the hostility rose among his followers which led to the split in this religion. There appeared two branches: Azali Branch under Mirza Yahya Sobhe Azal and the Bahais...


» The Iranians and the National Movement for Nationalization of oil Industry

Undoubtedly, oil is one of the main factors playing a leading role in Iran's economy, which has led to many important events in Iranian history. Perhaps when Mozaffaroddin Shah and his premier granted the oil...


» The Jangal (Jungle) Movement and 1921 Coup

The Jangal (Jungle) movement is one of the main events occurred during the period from the Constitutional movement up to Reza Khan's 1921 coup. Through agrandisment of the danger of Bolshevism...


» Richard Seddan's Affair in Iran

An agent of the Anglo-Iranian oil Company in Tehran, and educated at oxford, Seddan entered the Oil Company service in 1933. His first position was in the oil distribution office in Iraq. In 1939, after six years...


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