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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

 

Iranian Contemporary History No. 60

 

History Hall

 

 
  Dr. Mostafa Chamran 

Vida Moezzinia

       

Dr. Mostafa Chamran was born in a religious family in Tehran, 8th March 1932. He received his elementary education in Entessarieh school and his secondary education in Darolfonun and Alborz schools. Since his fifteen, he attended the courses of Koran interpretation in late Taleqani’s classes in Hedayat Mosque, and Morteza Mottahhari’s logic and philosophy courses. He began his political activity in his late years of high school. He entered the university of Tehran to study electro mechanics. Four years he graduated as a top student. He was one of the first and active members of students’ Islamic society of Tehran university.

 

Subsequent to 19th August, 1953 coup, he became a member of Iran National Resistance Movement. He was responsible to distribute Rahe Mossaddeq, the organ of the movement in the university of Tehran.

 

He received scholarship to follow his studies in the United States, 1958. He graduated in electronics and Plasma physics with merits from California University in Berkley. He was employed in Bell Institute of New jersey. He played an important role in formation of student circles against Pahlavi regime and especially in the formation of Islamic society of students in United States. He published many articles in 16th Azar, the organ of Iranian students in United States during 1961-1963.

 

Dr. Chamran was a member of Iran Freedom Movement in foreign countries founded in 1962. Following the suppression of 4thJune, 1963 rising by the Pahlavi regime, the Freedom Movement change its fighting tactics against the Pahlavis. The common parliamentary methods would not respond any more. So it was decided to train the needed military groups for the movement in Algeria and Egypt. Following some talks, some of the volunteers including Dr. Chamran left for Egypt to attend military training courses.

 

Sama was the first Iranian secret organization which embarked to see partisan training to fight against Pahlavi regime. Dr. Chamran attended the courses under the pseudonym “Jamal”. He went to Lebanon in 1966. After a short while, he returned to the United States and made preparations for his great immigration to Lebanon. Again, in 1960, he went to Lebanon at the invitation of Imam Mussa Sadr, the leader of Lebanon Shiites. He became the principal of Jabalamel technical school. Dr. Chamran’s activity in the company of Imam Musa Sadr added new dimensions to the actions of the Shiites. The aforesaid school became the center of teaching political, ideological and military courses to the youth, and deepened the relationship with the Palestinian camps. To support the Palestinian causes, he cooperated with the Palestine Liberation Organization against Israel.

 

Dr. Chamran collaborated with Imam Musa Sadr to found the Harekatal mahrumin and Amal organization. Upon the onset of Lebanon civil war in 1975, these two organizations played important roles in safeguarding the rights of Lebanon Shiite population.

 

He fought to defend the Shiah region personally. He led the operations in Damvar of south Beirut. Disappearance of Imam Musa Sadr in September 1978 was a heavy blow to Dr. Chamran. Following the success of Islamic revolution and establishment of the temporary government, Chamran came to Iran with the deputies of Lebanon high assembly, and met with Imam Khomeini. In Iran, he was appointed as the prime minister’s deputy in revolutionary affairs by Bazargan, then the prime minister. In this office, he helped to take back Paveh from the opportunists and anti revolutionary forces.  Due to his valuable experiences, he was appointed minister of defense in the temporary government.

 

He entered the first majlis after revolution. He also was appointed by Imam Khomeini as his representative in the high council of defense in May 1980.

 

Upon the break of war between Iran and Iraq, he went to Ahwaz and founded the center of partisan fights, employing all his valuable experiences in fights with Israel in war with Iraq. Eventually, he was shot in Dehlavieh nearest point to the enemy in 20th June 1981, and passed away after long years of struggle to defend his homeland and high values.




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