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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period


Iranian Contemporary History No. 60


History Hall


  Conference on the Question of Cultural Anthropology in Iran 


The expanse of Iranian empire before Islam and its frontiers after Islamic period are quite clear and need no definition in this short introduction. Despite all problems in defining of Iran’s frontiers after the Sassanid’s, the Iranians of various tribes succeeded to resist the invasions of the foreign powers and keep their frontiers.


Subsequent to the murder of Nader Shah in 1747, and the Zands’ coming to power, Iran underwent a great regression and its distance with the number one countries of the world became greater.


When Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar took power in his hands, though the frontiers were established to some extent, during FathAli shah’s reign the Qajars were faced with the invasion of the Russians, when  the rulers of the country found out how deep economic, political and military distance Iran had with western  powers, the Russia being a representative of them.


However, until 1809, Iran’s irregular tribe forces managed to resist against the Russians and even to defeat them. The apparent European reforms carried out upon the entrance of French and British advisers, according to Henry Rawlinson, break the back of tribal military forces who stood against the Russians. The reforms prepared Iran to submit to the Gulistan treaty in 1813.


Subsequent to a period of 13 years status between peace and war, FathAli shah decided to regain the occupied regions ــ of which Sir Gore Owsley had given him promises ــ through negotiations. But what were his levers? Many fights were fought and this time, the Russian came down to Aras and then added the Central Asia to their territory and gained heavy concessions after that.

"The abstract of the articles presented in this conference edited in persian language and is available in WORD and PDF formats as follows"

 WORD Format

   PDF Format




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