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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

 

Iranian Contemporary History No. 60

 

History Hall

 

 
  Richard Nixon

Rozita Miri

 

Richard Milhous Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California, 9th January 1913. His father, Francis Anthony Nixon moved with his family to Whittier in 1922. As a child, he both helped his father to make living and attended the school. He was graduated from Wittier College in 1934, and gained a scholarship and entered the law school of university of Duke. When graduated, he returned to his hometown and practiced law. He married Thelma Katherine Rayan, called Pat in 1940. One year later, he was invited to Washington to enter public service. He entered United States navy in 1942.  In 1946 became a member of congress from California. In 1950, he entered the Senate. He became vice-president to Dwight Eisenhower in 1953 and remained there until 1968. In 1960 elections, he was defeated by John F. Kennedy, but later in 1968 elections, he was the republican candidate and entered the White house. He delivered a speech on American foreign policy in 25 July 1969, known as "Nixon Doctrine". He put an end to Vietnam War.

 

The thirty seventh president of the United States, Nixon attained other great successes in foreign policy including establishing relationship with China, and avoiding tensions with The Soviet and conclusion of a treaty for limiting strategic arms.

 

In 1972 elections, he was elected as the president for the second time, but the water gate scandal forced him to resign in 9th  August 1974.

 

With regard to the close relations and mutual ties between Iran and United States, Nixon had two visits to Iran, the first time as vice president after 19 August 1953 coup in Iran, and the second time as the president of the United States.



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Richard Nixon and his wife, Patricia Nixon

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The prime minister, Fazl-ollah Zahedi and his company in Mehr abad airport to welcome Richard Nixon and his wife, some months after 19th August 1953 coup: 1. minister of foreign affairs, Abdollah Entezam, 2. Fazl-ollah Zahedi, 3. Richard Nixon, 4. Patricia Nixon, 5. Hassan Taqi zadeh, 5. Louis Henderson, Atieh Taqizadeh (Taqizadeh's wife)

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Richard Nixon and Fazl-ollah Zahedi


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Richard Nixon and his wife in a banquet in company with Nader Batmanqilich and Fazl-ollah Zahedi

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American vice president, Richard Nixon in his visit to Iranian parliament: 1. Abdo-ol-Hossein Sheikh-ol-molk Owrang, speaker of Iranian Parliament, 2. Nixon, 3. Louis Henderson, 4. Allahyar Saleh

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United States' president, Dwight Eisenhower and Vice-president Nixon and Ardeshir Zahedi


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Richard Nixon and the speaker of Majlis, Abdollah Riazi in 1970s

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Richard Nixon and the president of the Senate, Jafar Sharif Imami in 1972

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The president of United State, Nixon and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in White house in Washington


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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Farah Pahlavi in the United States; from the right: Patricia Nixon, Farah Pahlavi, Richard Nixon and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

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Dinner Party held by Richard Nixon and his wife at the white House in the honor of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi at the white House in 1969

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his company in a visit to the United State: 1. Nixon, 2. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, 3. Mohammad Fazel Tehrani, 4. Ardeshir Zahedi, 5. Henry Kissinger, 6. Assad-ollah Alam, 7. Amir Aslan Afshar


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Richard Nixon and Iranian minister for foreign affairs, Ardeshir Zahedi at the White House

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American President, Richard Nixon and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi at the White House in 1969; from the right: Amir Aslan Afshar, Ardeshir Zahedi, Richard Nixon, and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

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A banquet held by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Farah Pahlavi in the honor of Nixon and his wife


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Richard Nixon strewing flowers on Reza Shah Pahlavi's grave in Shahre rey: 1. Mahmoud Reza Pahlavi, 2. Amir Aslan Afshar, 3. Richard Nixon, 4. Assad-ollah Alam, 5. Jafar Shafeqqat

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Field marshal Bahram Ariana in his meeting with Richard Nixon in Washington

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