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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

 

Iranian Contemporary History No. 60

 

History Hall

 

 
  Ayatollah Taleqani from Release to Departure

 

Moussa Haqqani

 

As a combatant and Mujahid clergy, late Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmud Taleqani who had learnt the lesson of jihad from Imam Hussein’s school never gave up struggle against despotism and imperialism. He regarded Islam as an all-embracing school which had many to say to relieve the today’s humanity from ignorance, despotism and reaching to its utopian society. He had foreseen the deadlock of other schools in guiding human towards freedom and happiness and believed that only it is under the great teachings of Islam which were plausible with human nature, the Moslems could release themselves from the claws of imperialism. Despite those who believed that only military and partisan activity is the way to save Islamic societies, he knew that awakening of people through teachings of Koran would help them to release them from chains of imperialism.

 

He found out that the salvage of human beings depend on their having recourse to the holy Koran.  He proposed in order not to lose the right path, they should follow the life of some Imams including Imam Hussein and the twelfth imam. Through this manner, he succeeded to prevent the deviation of the revolutionary groups, and not let them being trapped in the snares of pragmatism.   He believed that heightening the level of knowledge and then embarking in struggle are better tactics. His resistance in prison and his tolerance against the tortures proved that his advices were not out of conservatism, but because of deviations most pragmatists were afflicted with. Revisions in the principles were the blight most members of Monafeqin organization were afflicted with which caused their moral and intellectual downfall. From struggle against imperialism and Zionism, they moved to make peace with and serve them. 

The followings are some pictures from late Taleqani, his life and struggles during Pahlavi regime and the months after the revolution until his heavenly departure. May his memories last forever.



Qasr prison, the early moments after Ayatollah Taleqani’s release, 10th, Nov. 1978

After release from prison in the company of his son Hossein Taleqani and Mohammad Montazeri moving towards his home, Nov. 1978

After freedom in his home, 1978


Interview with journalists, Nov. 1978

Interview with journalists, Nov. 1978

Saying congregational prayers in Azadi square after the great Tasua demonstration of 1978 in the company of Ayatollah Hajj Mirza Khalil Kamarei, Eng. Mehdi Bazargan, Dr. Yadollah Sahabi and Hojjatoleslam Sadr Bolaghi


Saying congregational prayers in Azadi after the great Tasua demonstration of 1978 in the company of Ayatollah Hajj Mirza Khalil Kamarei, Eng. Mehdi Bazargan, Dr. Yadollah Sahabi and Hojjatoleslam Sadr Bolaghi

Delivering a speech in the great meeting of university of Tehran in the company of Late Beheshti and late Araghi, December 1978

Journey to the north, Sisangan woods, December 1978


Journey to the north, Sisangan woods, in the company of his son, Mehdi Taleqani, December 1978

Delivering a speech to the academicians who staged a sit in in Sharif university, December 1978

Attending the sit in of academicians at the university of Sharif


Ayatollah Taleqani in the company of Hojjatoleslam Hassan Lahuti, Valiollah Chehpur and his son, MohammadReza Taleqani, Tehran airport hallway, 31st Jan. 1979

Tehran Alavi school, near to Imam Khomeini and Archbishop Ardak Monukian, leader of Iranian Armenians, 2nd Feb. 1979

Tehran Alavi School, near to Imam Khomeini, 2nd Feb. 1979.


An audience with Yasser Arafat, February 1979

An audience with Yasser Arafat, February 1979

Audience with a Lebanese delegation, Dr. Chamran, Ayatollah Sheikh MohammadMehdi Shamsoddin and Ayatollah Sheikh AbdolAmir are seen in the photo, March 1979


Ahmadabad Village of Savojbolagh, before delivering speech at Dr. Mossaddeq’s resting place, 4th March, 1979

Delivering a speech in Ahmadabad village of Savojbolagh, Dr. Mossaddeq’s resting place, 4th March, 1979

Visit to Kurdistan, delivering a speech in the congregational mosque of Sanandaj in the company of Ayatollah Beheshti and Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani


After voting for the Islamic republic in the Sadat Akhavi mosque of Iran street, 31st March, 1979

On the house top of one of Saadabad palaces in the company of Hojjatoleslam Mostafa Maleki, April 1979

A visit to the palaces of Saadabad in the company of Hojjatoleslam Mostafa Maleki, April 1979


A visit to a hospital in the company of his son, Mehdi Taleqani, April 1979

A visit to a hospital in the company of his son, Mehdi Taleqani, April 1979

Reopening of Hosseinieh Ershad of Tehran, April 1979


Reopening of Hosseinieh Ershad of Tehran in the company of Mohammad Taghi Shariati and Ehsan Shariati, April 1979

A visit to the north, Chalkrud, April 1979

A visit to the north, Chalkrud in the company of Hojjatoleslam Seyyed Ahmad Khomeini, and his sons seyyed Mehdi and seyyed Hossein Taleqani and Valiollah Chehpur, April 1979


Late Taleqani in the company of Seyyed Ahmad Khomein, Qom, April 1979

Delivering a speech in the religious school of Feizieh, Qom, April 1979

Hosseinieh Ershad hall, prior to the speech at late Motahhari’s memorial service, May 1979


Hosseinieh Ershad Hall, subsequent to the speech at late Motahhari’s memorial service in the company of Mahmud Manian and Hossein Taleqani, May 1979

Audience with Abdoleslam Jalud and the Libyan delegation, May 1979

Audience with the representative of Pulissario’s liberal movement, May 1979


Audience with the representative of Mauritania’s liberal movement, May 1979

Prior to speech in Tehran officers’ college, June 1979

Koran dedicated by the officers of the officers’ college to Ayatollah Taleqani, June 1979


Late Ayatollah Taleqani’s banquet for the members of the temporary cabinet, August 1979

Late Ayatollah Taleqani’s banquet for the members of the temporary cabinet, August 1979

Attending at the breaking feast of Ramadan fasting of Palestinian embassy in the company of Hani AL Hassan, August 1979


University of Tehran, before the sermons of the first congregational prayer of Tehran, August 1979

University of Tehran, saying the first congregational prayer of Tehran, August 1979

Delivering the sermons of congregational prayer of the world Qods day, August 1979


The council of experts, in the company of Ayatollah Beheshti, Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ayatollah Taheri Esfahani and Dr. Seyyed Mohammad Mehdi Jafari, August 1979

The council of experts, August 1979

The council of experts, August 1979


The council of experts in the company of Jalaladdin Farsi and Ali Qaemi, August 1979

Subsequent to his last congregational prayer, coming down from the pulpit, 6th Sept. 1979

Beheshte Zahra, saying his last congregational prayers in Beheshte Zahra, 6th Sept. 1979


Ayatollah Taleqani’s body, few hours after his heavenly departure in the mosque of university of Tehran, midnight, 8th Sept. 1979

Ayatollah Taleqani’s body, few hours after his heavenly departure in the mosque of university of Tehran, midnight, 8th Sept. 1979

Beheshte Zahra, the burial service of late Ayatollah Taleqani, 9th Sept. 1979


An aspect of the splendid funeral of late Ayatollah Taleqani, 9th Sept. 1979

An aspect of the splendid funeral of late Ayatollah Taleqani, 9th Sept. 1979

The resting place of late Ayatollah Taleqani in Beheshte Zahra of Tehran, September 1979


Imam Khomeini and late Hojjatoleslam Hajj Seyyed Ahmad Khomeini in the memorial service of late Ayatollah Taleqani, Qom, September 1979

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