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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period


Iranian Contemporary History No. 60


History Hall


  Taleqhani, from Birth to Death
Moussa Haqqani

One of the influential figures in the intellectual developments of revolutionary forces and contemporary Iran’s political developments, Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmud Taleqani was born in a religious family and under the attentions of a clergy father. His early youth coincided with the imperialist interventions in our country and the extensive national resistance against foreign meddling in Iranian affairs. Thus a strong will and sacred desire to retaliate the damages of foreigners filled his heart. At the same time, he received religious education and tried to reveal the deeds of Pahlavi regime and the actions of imperialists in Iran and Islamic countries.

Young Taleqani’s residence in Azerbaijan at the peak of Soviet and political parties’ activities to separate the region from Iran proved to him that the integrity of Iran is an essential principle for him. The same principle took him to Kurdistan in late months of his life to enlighten the people of dear Kurdistan to watch the movements of aliens and their domestic agents. His active presence in Moslem countries and his permanent support of the struggles of Palestinian nation proved that the Shiite clerics regarded it as rule to solve the problems of Moslems. He believed that only through unity, the Moslems could remove the alien rule in Islamic world.  His attempts to support Navvab Safavi and the other revolutionaries showed that he was a man of action. His honesty and serenity and also his simple style of life rendered him as a popular and charismatic figure. 

Ayatollah Taleqani’s endeavor to form Islamic republic in Iran and performing Friday prayers after the revolution was indicative of his cooperation with the leader of the Islamic revolution to save the causes and goals of the revolution. The nation recognizes its real lovers and his funeral turned out to be one of the great ones of our history. Even now, after so many years, he is remembered for his integrity.

The following pictures are reminiscence for those who had seen him and had worked with him, and for the younger generation who had not seen him, they remind them of the endeavors and struggles of a man who spent his life in God’s path.

Ayatollah Hajj Seyyed AboulHassan Hosseini Taleqani, late Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmud Taleqani’s father

His birth place in Gelird village of Taleqan

Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmud Taleqani’s national identity card

Seyyed Mahmud Taleqani in the company of some friends and locals of Taleqan

Tehran, 1943

Tehran, 1942, in the company of Seyyed Aboulqassem Kashani, Seyyed Hebeaddin Shahrestani, Seyyed Mohammad Behbahani, and Hajj Mirza Khalil Kamarei

Visit to Zanjan after Azerbaijan’s trouble

Taleqan, 1948

Leaving for Pakistan to participate in the congress of Karachi’s Islamic branches in the company of Ayatollah Hajj Mirza Khalil Kamarei, 1953

Tehran Mehrabad airport, welcoming Navab Safavi in the company of Seyyed AbdolHossein Vahedi and Mohammad Mehdi Abd Khodai1953

1957, Hedayat Mosque, Gholamreza Takhti in audience with Ayatollah Taleqani

Karaj, saying Eide Fetr prayers, 1958

Tehran, after delivering a speech in the Islamic society of the youth on the occasion of Imam Ali’s birth day

Karaj, saying Eide Fetr prayers, 1959

Karaj, saying Eide Fetr prayers, 1959

Karaj, after, Eide Fetr prayers, in the company of Ayatollah Motahhari and Hojjatoleslam Seyyed Ziaaddin Hajj Seyyed Javadi

In the company of Allame Yahya Nouri and some of the participants of Ghods congress, Alkhalil, 1959

Subsequent to Algeria’s independence festivities, talking to Algerian ambassador in Iran, Hedayat mosque, 1961

Subsequent to the festivities of the holy prophet’s appointment in the company of Dr. Ebrahim Ayati and Hojjatoleslam Seyyed Hadi Khosrowshahi

In the margin of Nehzat Azadi’s members trial, 1963

Silence in the court martial, 1963

Postal card distributed among his followers after his condemnation

In the company of his nephew, Hojjatoeslam Seyyed Nuroddin Alavi Taleqani, Qasr prison, 1965

With two friends, Qasr prison, 1965

Block four of Qasr prison, 1966

Aytollah Taleqani after release with his wife and children: Mehdi, Mojtaba and Vahideh

Along a journey to north in the company of Eng. Bazargan, Dr. Mohammad Qarib and his son Hossein Taleqani

Karaj congregational mosque, in the company of Ayatollah Sheikh Hossein Lankarani, Mohammad Taghi Shariati, Seyyed Gholamreza Saidi and Fakhroddin Hejazi, 1969

In a circle with Eng. Bazargan, Rahim Khatabi and Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani, 1969

Baft town of exile, 1970

Baft town of exile, 1970

Baft town of exile, with his family, 1970

Baft town of exile, concluding the marriage contract of his son, Mehdi Taleqani

Baft town of exile, 1970

Travel to Ardebil in the company of Ahmad Sadeq, 1972

His final detainment 1975

His final detainment 1975

The early days of freedom from prison, 9th Nov. 1978

Audience with people in his house, November 1978

Personal visit with people in his house, November 1978

Saying congregational prayers in Azadi square subsequent to the huge demonstrations of Tasua of 1978, in the company of Ayatollah Hajj Mirza Khalil Kamarei, Mehdi Bazargan and Hojjatoleslam Sadr Bolaghi

Delivering a speech in the great meeting in the university of Tehran, December 1978

Mehrabad hallway, speaking to Ayatollah Khamenei, 31st Jan. 1979

Tehran Alavi school, with Imam Khomeini, 2nd Feb. 1979

Meeting Yasser Arafat in the company of late Hajj Seyyed Ahmad Khomeini and Hojjatoleslam Seyyed Mahmud Doai

An audience with Dr. Chamran and his company who came from Lebanon to Iran, March 1979

Visit to Kurdistan and sending messages from helicopter, 1979

Visit to Kurdistan in the company of Ayatollah Beheshti, Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani, Aboulhassan Banisadr and Moftizadeh, 1979

Sadat Akhavi mosque, Iran street, voting to Islamic republic, 1st April 1979

Delivering speech in Feizieh school in the company of Hojjatoleslam Seyyed Ahmad Khomeini and Ayatollah Shahaboddin Eshraqi

Hosseinieh Ershad of Tehran, memorial service of Ayatollah Motahhari, May 1979

Interview with journalists in his house, May 1979

Delivering a speech in Tehran Officer’s college, June 1979

Start of the TV program, with Koran in the scene, June 1979

Early supper banquet in fasting month of Ramadan, in the embassy of Palestine, August 1979

Delivering the sermons of congregational prayers, August 1979

Saying the first congregational prayers of Tehran, August 1979

The council of experts of the constitution, speaking to Ayatollah Beheshti and Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani, August 1979

The first meeting of the council of experts of the constitution, August 1979

The final sermon of the last congregational prayers in the Beheshte Zahra, 7th Sept. 1979

Prayers after the final congregational prayers in Behesht Zahra, 7th Sept. 1979

Mosque of Tehran university, funeral of Ayatollah Taleqani’s body, early morning of 9th Sept. 1979

The glorious funeral of late Ayatollah Taleqani, 9th Sept. 1979

Beheshte Zahra, preparing the burial place of late Taleqani. Aytollah Beheshti, Ayatollah Seyyed Abolfazl Zanjani and Ayatollah Seyyed Hadi Khosrowshahi are seen in the picture, 9th Sept. 1979

Imam Khomeini and late Hojjatoleslam Ahmad Khomeini entering the memorial service of Ayatollah Taleqani at Qom Azam mosque, September 1979

Qom Azam mosque, high religious authorities at the memorial service of Ayatollah Taleqani, 1979

Ayatollah Seyyed Mahmud Taleqani’s tomb in Beheshte Zahra of Tehran

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