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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period


Iranian Contemporary History No. 60


History Hall


  Mohammad Hussein Aminnozarb

Ibrahim Hadidi


MohammadHussein Aminnozarb, son of MohammadHassan Esfahani (first Aminnozarb) and MahBeigom (daughter of MohammadHussein Sarraf Esfahani) was born in Tehran, March 16th 1872. His Primary education began with private teachers at home. After learning Farsi, Arabic and French lessons, he acquired religious courses completely. He was taught jurisprudence, principles and philosophy in the level degree and followed to study mathematics, history and geography as well. He learned to speak Arabic with Seyyed Jamalaadin Assadabadi during his stay in Tehran while he was the family’s neighbor.


Aminozzarb, the second began his job in his father’s trading house when he was only 16 years old. He began to learn the techniques of trading and landholding gradually and by the age of 20 he was responsible to deal with the affairs of the business and properties.


In the early years of Mozaffaraddin Shah’s  reign (1899), MohammadHassan was detained due to fraud in the degree of purity of the coins. MohammadHussein went to MortezaQoli Khan Sanioddowleh, the treasury minister, and the Shah’s son in law, and announced his sincere readiness to settle the question. Eventually, he paid a compensation of 760 thousand tomans to the government, and 40 thousand tomans to Sanioddowleh and succeeded to release his father from prison.


Due to his frequent travels to Europe, and his socializing with the foreigners, Hajj MohammadHussein Aminnozzarb considered the rule of law, and founding of justice house necessary for the country. He invited some market traders and shopkeepers to join him in his efforts to realize these goals and establish constitutionalism. He was the man who took the decree of Constitutionality for the people who took sit in at the  British embassy and due to his services, he was elected by the traders and shopkeepers of Tehran to represent the National Assembly. He became the vice president of the first period of Majliss, was a member of the Committee for compilation of the constitution.


Following the bombardment of the Majliss by the order of MuhammadAli Shah, Mohammad Hussein Aminozzarb lived a secret life for a while, but gradually, he appeared in his office and embarked on economic activities and avoided any political activity. He was detained during the Feb. 22nd 1922 coup by the order of Seyyed Ziaaddin Tabatabai, the prime minister and was imprisoned. He was released after one hundred days. He was elected a Majliss member for the seventh and the eight periods and as a senate for the first period of the constituent assembly.


Aminnozzarb was a reputable merchant, a big landowner and capital holder of Iran. Much of Iran's exports had been under his control. After the death of his father, he expanded the range of economic activities within and outside the country and established some commercial offices in some European cities like Moscow, London, Paris and Marseille. Among his. Other activities were the formation of commercial chamber of which he was president. Also during the first world war he formed a committee called  "merchants alliance" and presided it. He established the first power plant in Iran.


MohammadHussein Aminozzarb 26th  December, 1932 at the age of 62 died in Tehran. He had four sons:  Hassan, Mohsen, Dr. Yahya and Dr. Asghar Mahdavi.

Mohammad Hussein Aminozzarb in beige clothes

Sitting from right: 2. MohammadHassan Aminozzarb Esfahani 3. Seyyed Jamaladdin Assadabadi, 4. MohammadHussein Mahallati (Hajj Sayyah’s brother)

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Board of Trustees of the government in monitoring to determine the grade weight of coins in the mint of Tekye Dowlat 1894 1. MohammadHassan Aminozzarb Esfahani, 2. Ismail Aminolmolk 3. Gholam Hussein Ghaffari (Sahebekhtiar) 4. Ahmad Moshirossaltaneh 5. MohammadAli Qavamoddowleh 6. AliReza Azadolmolk 7. Mirza FathAli Khan Sahebdivan 8. Mohsen Moshiroddowleh 9. Abdolvahab Nezamalmolk

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From right: MohammadHussein Aminozzarb, Gholamreza Nozad, Hossein Pirnia, and Mohammad Ali Sayyah in Moscow 1896

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Mohammad Hussein Aminozzarb, vice president of the first term of the National Consultative Assembly and head of Tehran Chamber of Commerce

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Sitting: Hajj MohammadHussein Aminozzarb, and some employees of his trading house

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The Constitutional order in the hands of representatives of traders and shopkeepers from top right: 1. AliMohammad Sarraf Esfahani 2. MohammadTaghi Shahroodi 3. Mahmoud Sherkat 4. Ahmad Zargarbashi 5. Bagher Baqqal 6. Hassan Shalchi 7. MohammadBagher Kashani 8. Abdul Rahim Arbab 10. Mohammad Esmail Ghazvini 11. Mohammad Bushehri (Moinottojar) 12. MohammadAli Shalforush 13. Mohammad Esmail Mafazeh 14. Hussein Mahdavi (Aminozzarb) 17. MohammadHussein Damad 18. Mohammad Sarraf Tehrani, 19. Ahmad Mortazavi 20. Abd al-Muttalib Kordestani 21. Mohsen Mahdavi

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Mohammad Hussein Aminozzarb and some representatives of the first term of National Consultative Assembly 1. MohammadTaghi Bonakdar, 2. Arbab Jamshid 3. Seyyed Ahmad Mortazavi 4. Mohammad Bushehri (Moinottojjar) 5. AsadullahMirza Shahaboddowleh 6. MohammadAli Shalforush 7. Mashhadi Bagher Baqqal 8. Sheikh Hussein Saqatforush 9. Hossein Ali Kaffash 10. Husseinqoli Sigari 11. Mohammad Ebrahim Vares 12. MohammadHussein Aminozzarb 13. Mirza Tahir Tonekaboni 14. Hassan Vossuqoddowleh 15. Mirza Mohsen (Sadrololama’s son) 16. Mortezaqoli Khan Sanioddowleh (Speaker) 17. Mohammadqoli Mokhberomolk Hedayat 18. Valiollah Nasr 19. MohammadSadigh Hazrat, 20. MohammadTaghi Shahroodi

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Hajj MohammadHussein Aminozzarb

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Hajj MohammadHussein Aminozzarb

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Hajj MohammadHussein Aminozzarb

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Hajj MohammadHussein Aminozzarb

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