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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

 

Iranian Contemporary History No. 60

 

History Hall

 

 
  The Uprising of June 5th, 1963

Since late 1950, the Pahlavi regime was inflicted with various political, economic and social crises, and therefore its American supporters were embarked to carry some reforms to solve the problems and help to longer its existence. However, some of its early steps were mainly postponed due to the oppositions of the great Shiite authority, Ayatollah Borujerdi. Subsequent to the death of Ayatollah Borujerdi, the Pahlavi regime and its American supporters felt free to return to their plans soon known as “the white revolution”. With Ali Amini’s premiership the preliminary steps were taken, but it was only at the removal of Amini and coming to power of Assadollah Alam in May 1961 that the Pahlavi regime determined to carry out the reformist plans dictated by the Americans also as “the Shah and the nation’s revolution”. In fact, the Shah and its foreign supporters considered the situation prepared for the reforms. However, they were wrong; large groups of people led by the religious authorities stood against these plans; Imam Khomeini being the most important figure opposing the Shah and Assadollah Alam. So at least it was in October, 1062 that a process was formed which reached to its climax in June 5th of 1963 to become a turning point in the struggles of Iranians against the Pahlavi regime and its foreign supporters.



The demonstrations at Tehran

The demonstrations of people in front of Tehran Bazaar in support of Imam Khomein’s proclamation

The demonstrations held by the Tehran people in support of Imam Khomeini’s proclamation on banning the referendum


The closure of Tehran bazaar in support of Imam Khomeini’s proclamation on banning the referendum of the Shah’s six point in following February 1963

Imam Khomeini leaving for the Feizieh religious school to deliver a speech (June 3rd 1963)

Imam delivering a fiery speech in Feizieh religious school on the eve of Ashura, June 3rd 1963


The closure of Tehran Bazaar during the national struggles of Iranians against the Pahlavi regime led by Imam Khomeini

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