The rise of a strong tendency towards ancient Iran in the 19th century and its encouragement had close links with imperialist objectives of the British in Iran. To justify their presence and dominance over Iran, the British policy makers expanded the waves of this new trend and concentrated on the historical studies and forgot about the 4000 years before the Achaemenids and the 14 centuries of Islamic period.
The people engaged in the holding of these feasts were delicately dedicated to the causes of Zionism, and instead of the Medes, they readily related the imperial foundation to Cyrus who is considered the promised messiah in Judaism. In this regard 2500 anniversary of the liberation of the Jewish had been celebrated in 1961 in Israel and the third congress of the Jewish was held to express gratitude to Cyrus, and the Israeli composers wrote a piece which was played in these celebrations.
The Arian thought and belief in a powerful king and an autocrat reformist was a principle of Pahlavi ideology and some people including Mohammad Ali Forughi promoted it.
Eventually, in the October 1971 Mohammad Reza Shah's dreams were realized and one of the greatest and most expensive celebrations of the contemporary history of world was held in Persopolis near Shiraz. All the facilities from the building to the furniture and the foods were brought from foreign countries. Twenty four Arab kings, five queens, twenty one princes, sixteen presidents, three prime ministers, four vice presidents, and two ministers of foreign affairs from sixty nine countries of the world and many leading figures of world scientific, artistic and cultural circles and correspondents of the world press participated in this celebrations.