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the foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period

The foundation of political philosophy in Iran-constitutional period


Iranian Contemporary History No. 60


History Hall


  Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi

Mehdi Jangravi


Son of brigadier general, Taqi agha, Ahmad Agha Khan was born in Tehran, 1888. He went to Eftetahieh and then to Tarbiat schools in Tehran, and continued his education in Cossack School administered by the Russians.


He enlisted in Cossack brigade when he was fourteen. His bravery and ruthlessness helped him to get speedy promotion and he became a general in 1920 after Reza Khan's coup. His first mission after the coup was the suppression of Ismail Khan Amir Moayyed Savadkuhi in Mazandaran which led to Amir Moayyed and his sons' flight. When the army was reorganized into five divisions, he was given the rank of Amir Lashkar of the western division with its headquarters in Hamadan.


He was appointed the head of Amnieh for four years. He was also in command of the North-West division.


He was the first one who was promoted field Martial as a reward for his services. He was appointed military governor of Tehran by Reza Shah before leaving the country with wide powers to suppress the rioting. He was appointed minister of interior in Foroughi's cabinet. Minister of war in Qavam-ol-Saltaneh and Soheili's cabinets. Through the Shah's insistence, in Qavam's four cabinets, he was minister of war. In Ibrahim Hakimi's cabinet, he found a place for himself and became minister of interior. Again in AbdolHossein Hazhir and Mohammad Saed's cabinets, he became minister of war in 1958. As the first Iranian lieutenant General, he was appointed a senator to the first senate and held it for sixteen years.


AmirAhmadi died in 1965 when he was 77 years old due to leukemia. He had accumulated great wealth and had large properties. He was serious, greedy, daring, tough, dutiful, and cruel who had a rough manner towards his subordinates and punished them personally.

Young Ahmad AmirAhmadi wearing the war costume of the Lors

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Major General Ahmad AmirAhmadi after receiving the order

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Major General Ahmad Amirahmadi, commander in chief of west division, bearing Zolfaqar order

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Ahmad AmirAhmadi, commander in chief of the west division riding his horse in Lorestan region

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Major General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, head of Amnieh, road police accompanied by his subordinate officers (1925-1929), 1. Farajollah Aghevli, 2. Ahmad AmirAhmadi, 3. Mohammad Hossein Jahanbani

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Major General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, commander in chief of the west division visiting the Lor Khans' camps after their surrender (Oct. 13th, 1928)

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Ahmad AmirAhmadi in his visit to Europe

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Some leading figures and army commanders with their wives in an official ceremony held for the anniversary of removal of veils (1936-1938), 1. Vassili Cargar (Yazdanpanah's wife), 2. Morteza Yazdanpanah, 3. Sadeq Sadeq (Mostashar-od-dowleh), 4. Eissa Seddiq, 5. HajiAli Razmara, 6. Safieh Namazi (Firuz), 7. Hassan Meymand, 8. Lieutenant Ahmad AmirAhmadi, 9. Karim Agha Buzarjomehri, 10. Major General Esmail AmirFazli (minister of war), 11. Mahmud Jam (the prime minister), 12. Hassan Esfanyari (speaker of Majlis), 13. Aliqoli Ansari

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Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, commander in chief of the west division supervising the operation of road and tunnel construction in Lorestan

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Major General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, commander in chief of the west division in company of Reza Shah in Lorestan (1928)

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (the crown prince) and his wife (Fuzieh) in an official ceremony (1940) 1. Mohammd Reza Pahlavi, 2. Fuzieh, 3. Mozaffar Alam, 4. Mahmud Jam, 5. Ali Soheili, 6. Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, 7. Major General Karim Agha Buzarjomehri, 8. Major General Azizollah Zarghami

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Reza Shah distributing the license of the graduates of war faculty 1. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 2. Reza Shah Pahlavi 3. Ahmad AmirAhmadi 4. Mohammad Nakhjavan 5. Morteza Yazdanpanah 6. Mohammad Shah Bakhti 7. Mohammad Mohtashami 8. Iraj Matbuei 9. Hadi Atabay 10. Azizollah Zarqami 11. Farajollah Aghevli 12. Esmail Shafaei

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Army commanders and civil authorities in company of their wives in the British legation in Tehran (1941_1945), 1.Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, 2. Morteza Yazdanpanah, 3. Ali Riazi, 4. Hassan Arfa', 5. Brigadier GholamAli Ansari, 6. Mohammad Hossein Firuz, 7. Karim Hedayat, 8. Ahmad Nakhjavan, 9. Reader William Boulard (British minister in Iran), 10. Vassily Kargar (Yazdanpanah's wife), 11. AmirHossein Atapur

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi accompanied by the prime minister, Ali Soheili and of his cabinet members in the officers' college (1942-1944), 1. Amanollah Ardalan, 2. Ali Soheili, 3. Mohammad Daftari, 4. Javad Zahir_ol_Islam, 5.Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, 6. Ahmad AmirAhmadi (minister of war), 7. Morteza Yazdanpanah

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Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, minister of war in reconstituted cabinet of Qavam-os-Saltaneh (1946), 1. Mohammad Hossein Firuz, 2. Ahmad AmirAhmadi, 3. Mozaffar Firuz, 4. Anushirvan Sepahbodi, 5. Ahmad Qavam, 6. Fereidun Keshavarz, 7. Allahyar Saleh, 8. Iraj Eskandari, 9. Abdol-Hossein Hazhir, 10. Manuchehr Eqbal, 11. Morteza Yazdi, 12. Shamsaddin AmirAlayi

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Ahmad Qavam's third cabinet members (after the removal of Tudehi members) (1946), from left: AbolHassan Sadeqi, Mohammad Vali Mirza Farmanfarmaian, AliAkbar Mussavizadeh, Azizollah Nikpey, Ahmad AmirAhmadi (minister of war), Ahmad Qavam, Hamid Sayyah, AbdolHossein Hazhir, Manuchehr Eqbal, Shamsaddin Amiralai, Ali Shayegan

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Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, minister o in Qavam-os-Saltaneh's fourth cabinet (1946-1947), from left: AliAkbar Musavizadeh, AbolHassan Sadeqi, Farajollah Aqevli, Manuchehr Iqbal, Ahmad AmirAhmadi, MohammadAli Homayunjah, Ahmad Qavam, AbdolHossein Hazhir, Mostafa Adl, GholamHossein Foruhar, AliAsghar Hekmat, Ahmad Hossein Adl, Ali Nasr, Salman Assadi

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AbdolHossein Hazhir's cabinet gathered in a session (1948), from left: Mohammad Nezam Mafi, Abbas Adhem, Fakhraddin Shademan, Javad Bushehri, Mussa Nuri Esfandiari, Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi (minister of war), AbdolHossein Hazhir, Mostafa Adl, Jamal Imami, Nader Arasteh, Manuchehr Iqbal

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Formal welcome to Malek Abdollah by Tehran mayor, Hessamaddin Dowlatabadi (July 28th 1949), 1. King of Jordan, Malek Abdollah, 2. The prime minister, Mohammd Saed, 3. Ahmad AmirAhmadi (minister of war), 4. Zein-ol-Abedin Rahnama, 5. Hamid Sayyah, 6. Qazanfar Ali khan (Pakistan ambassador to Iran), 7. Ali Heyat, 8. Hessamaddin Dowlatabadi

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Mohammd Saed's cabinet and lieutenant General AmirAhmadi, minister of war (1948-1950), from left: Hadi Taheri, Agha Khan Ashrafi, Manuchehr Eqbal, AliAsghar Hekmat, Mohammad Sajjadi, AmirAlam, Nader Arasteh, Mohammad Saed, Jamal Emami, Ahmad amirAhmadi, Abassqoli Golshaian, and Ahmad Moqbel

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Lieutenant General Ahmad AmiAhmadi, in a formal military uniform

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Senator Ahmad AmirAhmadi (the third person sitting on the front row) among some other members of the first Senate at the Majlis' precincts

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Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi, and his wife, Turan Hajar Islami, and their daughters, sons, daughter in laws and son in laws

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Ahmad Amirahmadi

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Lieutenant General Ahmad AmirAhmadi's funeral at Sepahsalar mosque yard, Tehran (December, 1965)

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